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Where do Mosquitoes live?

Itchy, painful bites and deadly diseases carried by the Mosquitoes make them the most annoying insects on Earth. Everyone likes to live in an environment free from mosquitoes. If you need to avoid them, you first need to know where mosquitoes live.

Mosquitoes’ life cycle has four stages as Eggs, Larvae, Pupae, and Adulthood. The transformation from an egg to an adult will take 10 to 14 days. It’s body changes drastically during the life cycle, and due to this, each stage needs specific environmental conditions for survival. Hot and humid environments (tropical and subtropical areas) are most desirable for mosquito growth. Even the extreme cold weather is not preferred, there are some species found in the freezing Arctic circle as well. Some mosquitoes can hibernate in the winter and some lay eggs on ice, so they hatched when the temperature goes up. However, one thing that is imperative to mosquito’s survival is water.

Let’s find out Where Do Mosquitoes Live during each phase of their life cycle?

Where do Mosquito eggs live?

Usually, mosquitoes lay eggs in water as water is essential for the survival of eggs. Simply they need a place that collect and hold water. Few other species lay eggs even in dried out places where water can rise or flood during rainy season. The eggs must be exposed to water to stimulate the hatching.

Mosquitoes prefer stagnated clean water in your yard, damp soil, flood plains for laying eggs. There are some other species who lay eggs in polluted water as well.

Stagnated water in Rain Gutters is a good breeding ground for mosquitoes (Image by Sue Harris)
  • Natural Areas with Standing Water
    • Swamps, Ditches, Ponds, Lakes, Lawns, Tree Holes, Vegetation in swamps and marshes
  • Artificial Areas with Standing Water
    • Clogged Rain Gutters
    • Buckets, Tin Cans, Barrels, Containers, Metal or Plastic Trash Cans, Wheelbarrows
    • Cisterns, Puddles, Untended Pools, Wading pools
    • Plants and Flowers Pots (Pots with Saucers or empty Pots)
    • Old Tires, Tire Swings
    • Pet Bowls, Birdbaths
    • Kid’s Toys

Where do Mosquito larva and pupa live?

The larvae require water as they grow to feed on microorganisms, algae, bacteria, protozoa. It sheds four times and enter the pupal stage, which also lives in the water, but do not eat anything.

Egg, Larval, and Pupal stages are known as water stages as they essentially require water.

Water puddles are preferred homes for mosquitoes during the larva stage (Image by Manfred Antranias Zimmer)
  • Larvae found in transient waters such as floodwater, ditches, and lakes
  • Some are active in standing water, contained water sources such as water puddles, upon leaves, stagnant water within small pools, etc.
  • Surprisingly, some larvae can survive in polluted water, acid water, and brackish water swamps as well.

Where do adult Mosquitoes Live?

An adult mosquito comes out of the pupae case and waits on the water surface until their wings get strong enough and dry out before taking flight. They don’t just depend on water and only return to water to lay eggs. An adult mosquito can start breeding after 28 – 30 hours after coming out from the pupae. Generally, nectar and plant juices are the main source of food for both male and female mosquitoes. But females require nutrients found in blood to help their reproduction (to develop eggs).

When they are out for blood, they prefer hanging out near Humans and Animals (livestock, wild animals, or birds).

 When they are not out for blood or breeding, they prefer to rest in dark, shady, moist, humid places like below to escape sunlight and wind.

Shady, damp places like hollow logs are good resting places for adult mosquitoes (Image by bookwurmee)
  • Vegetation
    • Shrubbery, Bushes
    • Flowers, Tall Grass and Weeds, Trees, Stumps
    • Wood, Inside Hollow Logs
    • Under Leaf Litter, Piles of Leaves
  • Marshes, Wet Grounds
  • Clogged Rain Gutters & Eavestroughs
  • Old Tires, Tire Swings
  • Cellars and Vacant Houses
  • Under Decks
  • Tarps or Pool Covers
  • Canoes, Rafts, Kayaks, Boats
  • Under Sink and Furniture
  • In Closets and Laundry Room

Mosquitoes are very good at adapting to changing environments. In the dry season, they will choose large water tanks that won’t dry out for laying eggs. In rainy and moist conditions, they will select puddles or small water buckets. During cold conditions, they will stay hibernated in clogged rain gutters near our homes for warmth. Due to this, it is very tough to be free from mosquitoes. If you need to stay away from these annoying creatures, the best thing you can do is, frequently checking the places that mosquitos can live at any stage of their life cycle and getting rid of them.

There are few other articles that you can read for more information.

How long do mosquitoes live?

Who are the predators of Mosquitoes?

What do Mosquitoes eat?

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